What is a CIN Number?

A Corporate Identification Number (CIN) is a unique alphanumeric code assigned by the Registrar of Companies (RoC) in India to all companies registered under the Companies Act, 2013. The CIN serves as the primary means of identifying a company and its details in official records.

Structure of a CIN Number

The CIN consists of 21 characters and follows a specific format:

  1. First Character: Represents the listing status (L for listed, U for unlisted).
  2. Next Five Characters: Denote the industry code based on the company’s nature of business.
  3. Next Two Characters: Represent the state code where the company’s registered office is located.
  4. Next Four Characters: Indicate the year of incorporation.
  5. Next Three Characters: Represent the type of company (PLC for Public Limited Company, PTC for Private Limited Company, etc.).
  6. Last Six Characters: Are the unique registration number provided by the RoC.

Importance of a CIN Number

  • Identification: It uniquely identifies a company and provides vital information about its nature and location.
  • Legal Compliance: It ensures the company complies with all regulatory requirements.
  • Verification: It allows stakeholders to verify the company’s authenticity and legal standing.
  • Transparency: It promotes transparency and trust in business dealings.

Example of a CIN Number

For a hypothetical company registered in Maharashtra, the CIN could look like this: U12345MH2010PTC123456.

How to Find a CIN Number

The CIN number of a company can be found on:

  • The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) website.
  • Official company documents such as the Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, and Annual Reports.
  • Company signage and letterheads.

By understanding the CIN, stakeholders can gain valuable insights into the company’s background and regulatory compliance.

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